EDI Outsourcing: What it is and Why it is Important

A3Logics 07 Jul 2023


Electronic Data Interchange or EDI has become an essential part of modern business operations, enabling companies to automate routine tasks, speed up processes and improve supply chain efficiency. While EDI provides many benefits, implementing and managing an in-house EDI system can be complex, expensive, and resource-intensive. This is where EDI outsourcing comes into play.  EDI outsourcing involves contracting an external EDI service provider to handle all or part of an organization’s EDI needs. This allows top companies to gain the benefits of EDI without having to invest in developing, implementing, and maintaining in-house EDI services.

In this article, we will discuss what EDI outsourcing is, the different types of EDI outsourcing models, the benefits of EDI outsourcing, factors to consider when choosing EDI solution providers, and best practices for managing an EDI outsourcing partnership. We will also explore future trends in EDI outsourcing and summarize with a conclusion on why EDI outsourcing is important for businesses today.


What is EDI Outsourcing?


EDI outsourcing is when a company contracts an external EDI service provider to manage all or part of its Electronic Data Interchange needs. This means the EDI provider takes care of setting up and maintaining the company’s EDI system and infrastructure, transmitting EDI documents to trading partners on the company’s behalf, and handling EDI document errors and exceptions.


Top companies choose to outsource their EDI needs for a few main reasons:

  • Save costs by avoiding the overhead of maintaining an in-house EDI team and infrastructure.
  • Access technical EDI expertise and best practices that the company may not have internally.
  • Focus internal resources on core competencies instead of non-essential functions like EDI.
  • Ensure high availability, reliability, and scalability of the EDI system through a specialized service provider.

EDI outsourcing involves contracting external EDI solution providers to handle the setup, management, and ongoing operation of your organization’s EDI system so you can concentrate on your main business while gaining the benefits of EDI communications with customers and suppliers.


Importance of EDI in modern business operations


EDI or Electronic Data Interchange has become an important part of modern business operations. It allows organizations to exchange structured data electronically in a standardized format between their computer systems. This greatly streamlines and automates business processes like ordering, invoicing, and payment.

Some of the main benefits of EDI are:

  • Speed – EDI transactions are processed almost instantly which speeds up the entire business process from order to payment.
  • Accuracy – Errors due to manual data entry are eliminated which improves data accuracy.
  • Cost savings – EDI reduces the need for paper documents, manual data entry, and human errors which leads to cost savings.
  • Real-time information – EDI provides real-time access to transaction data which enables better decision-making.
  • Increased efficiency – EDI automates routine tasks which frees up resources and improves efficiency.
  • Better customer service – Faster processing of transactions through EDI leads to better customer service and satisfaction.
  • Traceability – EDI transactions create an electronic audit trail which provides traceability and transparency.

These benefits explain why EDI has become so critical for companies today, especially those in supply chain-intensive industries like manufacturing, retail, and logistics. EDI enables greater connectivity between a business and its customers and suppliers which results in improved overall operation.


What is Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)


Electronic Data Interchange is the electronic exchange of business documents like invoices, purchase orders, and payment advice between computers using a standardized format. Traditionally, businesses sent such documents by mail, fax, or courier. However, EDI allows organizations to exchange these documents electronically in an automated way after implementing some basic setup.


Documents that are commonly exchanged using EDI include:

  • Purchase orders
  • Invoices
  • Shipping notices
  • Payment Advice
  • Customs documents
  • Product catalogs


EDI is implemented using specialized EDI software that converts data from a company’s internal system into the standardized EDI format and vice versa. EDI also enables real-time information sharing between organizations.


In summary, EDI is a business-to-business integration technology that allows the electronic exchange of important documents like purchase orders and invoices between companies using a standardized format. This automation streamlines business processes and improves the flow of information. EDI has become an essential component of modern supply chain management, especially for companies that have to interact electronically with a large number of customers and suppliers regularly.


The Challenges of EDI Implementation


While EDI provides many benefits to businesses, implementing an effective EDI system can be challenging. Some of the key challenges of EDI implementation are:


  • High setup costs: EDI setup requires technical expertise, software, infrastructure, and coordination with trading partners. This can result in high initial costs.
  • Complex standards: There are multiple EDI standards to choose from and coordinating with trading partners on a common standard can be difficult.
  • Trading partner issues: Onboarding trading partners onto the EDI system and resolving any technical issues that arise can be a hurdle.
  • Training requirements:  Employees need to be trained to use the new EDI system and understand the new processes. This requires time and resources.
  • Maintenance requirements: An EDI system needs ongoing maintenance to fix issues, upgrade software and adapt to changing partner requirements.
  • Data accuracy: Ensuring data accuracy when converting data between internal and EDI formats can be challenging.
  • Resistance to change: Some employees may resist changing from traditional ways of doing business to an electronic system.
  • Security risks: EDI exposes companies to potential security threats like data breaches and hackers if not implemented securely.

In summary, while EDI provides many advantages, businesses face several challenges during implementation ranging from high costs to complex standards to security risks. Proper planning, choosing the right partners, and a change management process can help overcome some of these hurdles to achieve success with EDI. However, ongoing maintenance and management of the system remains essential.


Benefits of EDI Outsourcing


EDI outsourcing allows companies to reap the benefits of EDI without having to invest in an in-house EDI team and infrastructure. The key benefits of EDI outsourcing include:

  • Cost savings: Outsourcing EDI is typically more cost-effective than maintaining an in-house EDI system. Companies avoid the costs of hiring EDI experts, purchasing EDI software licenses, and system maintenance.
  • Access to expertise: EDI service providers have specialists who are experienced in implementing and managing complex EDI systems. They stay up to date on the latest EDI standards and technologies.
  • Reduced time to implement: EDI service providers can set up an EDI system and onboard trading partners more quickly compared to in-house IT teams.
  • Scalability: EDI service providers have infrastructure that can easily scale up to support growing transaction volumes. Adding new trading partners is also simpler.
  • Reliability: EDI service providers make system uptime, data security, and error resolution their top priorities to ensure high reliability.
  • Focus on core business: By outsourcing EDI to top EDI companies, top companies can focus internal resources on their main competencies rather than non-essential functions.
  • Risk mitigation: EDI service providers assume responsibility for EDI system performance, security, and legal and compliance risks.


In summary, EDI outsourcing allows companies to gain the benefits of EDI communications while avoiding the headaches of maintaining an in-house EDI system. Outsourcing to an experienced EDI provider can significantly reduce costs, speed up implementation and improve system performance and reliability.


Types of EDI Outsourcing Models


There are several types of EDI outsourcing models that companies can choose from:

  • Total Outsourcing: In this model, the company completely outsources all EDI functions to an external EDI service provider. The EDI provider manages the entire EDI system, including setup, software, infrastructure, trading partner onboarding, document exchange, and ongoing management and maintenance. The company does not have to maintain any in-house EDI capabilities.
  • Partial Outsourcing: Here, the company handles some internal EDI tasks while outsourcing other functions to EDI solution providers. For example, the company may manage its internal EDI software while outsourcing document exchange and trading partner onboarding. This hybrid model allows the company more control over some aspects of the EDI system.
  • Transaction Processing: In this model, the company handles all EDI setup and infrastructure itself but outsources only the processing of EDI transactions to an EDI provider. The provider receives EDI documents from trading partners, processes them, and sends the data back to the company.
  • Managed Services: The EDI provider manages some specific parts of the EDI system on behalf of the company. For example, the provider may manage trading partner onboarding or software upgrades as a managed service. The company still maintains overall control of the EDI system.
  • EDI Software as a Service: The Company subscribes to an EDI software platform offered as a service by EDI solution providers. The platform handles all EDI functions and is accessed over the Internet. This is similar to the total outsourcing model.


Factors to Consider when Choosing an EDI Outsourcing Provider


Here are the factors to consider when choosing an EDI outsourcing provider:

  • Cost – Compare the overall cost of services from different EDI service providers. Consider not just implementation costs but also ongoing fees, transaction fees, and additional costs.
  • Experience – Check how long the provider has been in business, the number of customers they serve, and their expertise in your industry. More experienced top EDI companies USA are likely to offer better services.
  • Infrastructure – Ensure the provider has a robust and reliable infrastructure to support your EDI requirements now and in the future as your needs grow.
  • Support – Find out about the provider’s customer support model in terms of availability, response times, and resolution procedures. Choose one that offers 24/7 support.
  • Security – Check what security measures the provider has in place to protect data in transit and at rest. Look for providers that use encryption, firewalls, and other best practices.
  • EDI standards supported – Make sure the provider supports all the EDI standards you need to communicate with your trading partners. This is important for compatibility.
  • Resilience – Consider how resilient the provider’s system is in terms of disaster recovery, backup infrastructure, and business continuity plans. Choose EDI solution providers with a proven track record.
  • Compliance – Find out if the provider follows all relevant regulatory compliance requirements that apply to your EDI data and processes. This will help mitigate legal risks.


Steps for Successful EDI Outsourcing


  1. Define your EDI requirements and objectives clearly. Know the types of EDI documents you need to exchange, the number of trading partners, data volumes, response time goals, and security requirements.
  2. Research potential EDI outsourcing companies USA. Look for providers with experience in your industry, positive customer reviews, and those that meet your functional and technical requirements.
  3. Shortlist providers and send them a request for a proposal. Explain your EDI requirements and ask for their proposed solutions, pricing models, and service level agreements.
  4. Evaluate proposals based on cost, capabilities, experience, infrastructure, security, and customer service. Narrow down to 2-3 potential providers.
  5. Interview the shortlisted top EDI companies to ask detailed questions and clarify any doubts. Consider talking to their existing customers for feedback.
  6. Select the best-fit provider based on your evaluation. Negotiate contract terms to meet your specific needs.
  7. Create a detailed project plan with the provider covering the scope, timelines, milestones, and responsibilities of both parties.
  8. Onboard the provider and have them connect to your internal systems. Get demo access to their EDI platform.
  9. Test the EDI system extensively to ensure all functional and non-functional requirements are met. Resolve any issues.
  10. Go live with the EDI solution providers in phases, starting with a few trading partners initially and adding more over time.
  11. Monitor system performance closely in the initial period and work with the provider to resolve any post-go-live issues.
  12. Establish regular performance reviews and communication channels with the provider for continual improvement.


These steps provide a systematic approach to choosing and implementing EDI outsourcing successfully. By following this process, companies can minimize risks, ensure requirements are met, and achieve the expected benefits from outsourcing to an EDI service provider.


Overcoming Challenges in EDI Outsourcing


Here are some ways to overcome common challenges in EDI outsourcing:

  • Loss of control – Maintain oversight of outsourced operations through clear performance metrics and service level agreements. Conduct periodic reviews and audits to ensure requirements are being met.
  • Poor communication – Establish regular communication channels with the provider. Hold status update meetings, assign points of contact, and establish an escalation process for issues.
  • Resolving issues – Work with the top EDI providers to understand the root cause of any system issues and create joint remediation plans. Test resolutions thoroughly before final implementation.
  • Missed deadlines – Set realistic timelines based on a detailed scope of work and provide the provider with all required information upfront. Revisit schedules regularly for alignment.
  • High costs – Negotiate competitive pricing structures and volume discounts. Compare costs regularly with market rates to ensure you’re getting value for money.
  • Low quality of service – Define clear requirements and quality benchmarks and monitor the provider’s performance against them. Implement penalties for missed service levels when necessary.
  • Lack of expertise – Provide detailed training to the provider about your business processes and requirements. Communicate expectations and performance goals.

In summary, to overcome challenges in EDI outsourcing you need constant communication, transparency, well-defined performance metrics, and accountability from your outsourcing top EDI providers. Regular reviews and audits also allow you to identify issues early and make corrections. While outsourcing can provide benefits, companies must take an active role in managing the relationship and establishing the right governance model for success.


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Best Practices for Managing an EDI Outsourcing Partnership


Here are some best practices for managing an EDI outsourcing partnership:

  • Establish clear roles and responsibilities – Define what tasks and functions your company and the outsourcing provider will handle. Document this in a scope of work or agreement.
  • Set key performance indicators (KPIs) – Set measurable KPIs for the top EDI providers related to system uptime, document processing times, error rates, etc. Monitor progress against the KPIs.
  • Implement service level agreements (SLAs) – Define minimum service expectations and performance targets in SLAs. Link incentives and penalties to SLA achievement.
  • Conduct regular performance reviews – Meet with the provider periodically to review performance against KPIs and SLAs. Discuss any issues or gaps and ways to improve.
  • Establish transparent communication – Communicate openly and regularly with a designated point of contact at the top EDI providers. Ask for status updates and escalate issues quickly.
  • Define an escalation process – Create a formal process for staff to escalate issues to the provider’s management if needed. Work together to resolve complex problems.
  • Audit the provider periodically – Conduct internal or third-party audits of the provider to ensure contractual obligations and security requirements are being met.
  • Continue seeking improvements – Work together with the provider to identify inefficiencies and implement changes that yield performance improvements over time.
  • Plan for transitions – Prepare for events like provider acquisitions or mergers by having business continuity plans and taking your data ownership rights seriously.


By implementing these best practices, companies can develop a strong governance model for their EDI outsourcing partnership that ensures requirements are met, performance is optimized and issues are resolved efficiently. Open communication, mutual accountability, and continual improvement are key to the long-term success of any outsourcing relationship.


Future Trends in EDI Outsourcing


Here are some future trends expected in EDI outsourcing:

  • Cloud-based EDI – More companies will adopt cloud-based EDI platforms offered by outsourcing providers as a service. This will reduce upfront costs and provide more scalability and flexibility.
  • EDI as part of B2B integration – EDI outsourcing providers will offer B2B integration solutions that combine EDI with other technologies like API management and multi-channel integration.
  • Adoption of VAN hubs – Virtual private network hubs managed by outsourcing providers will become more common for routing EDI transactions. This will improve security, reliability, and quality of service.
  • Growth in transaction volumes – As businesses become more digitalized and dependent on EDI, the volume of EDI transactions will continue to grow rapidly. This will drive demand for scalable EDI outsourcing solutions.
  • Emergence of AI and ML capabilities – Tools like artificial intelligence and machine learning will be applied to EDI solutions data to gain insights, detect anomalies and automate exception handling. This will improve efficiency and reduce human errors.
  • Support for new EDI standards – Outsourcing providers will adapt to emerging EDI standards like EDIFECS, PEPPOL, and BIS B2B to provide compatibility with a growing base of trading partners.
  • Leveraging data – EDI outsourcingcompanies USA will look to monetize the large volumes of EDI transaction data they collect by offering analytics services and insights to businesses.


In summary, the key trends around EDI outsourcing in the coming years will involve the cloud, integrated B2B solutions, advanced technologies like AI and ML, support for new standards, harnessing big data, and scaling to meet growing transaction volumes. These trends will help businesses gain even greater benefits from EDI while reducing management overhead.




EDI outsourcing can provide many benefits for businesses looking to reap the advantages of electronic data interchange without the hassle of managing an in-house EDI system. By outsourcing EDI to an experienced provider, companies can reduce costs, access technical expertise, improve reliability and scalability, and focus internal resources on their core competencies. However, businesses must take an active role in governing the outsourcing partnership through open communication, setting clear expectations, establishing appropriate controls, and continually seeking improvements. With proper management and oversight, EDI solutions outsourcing can fulfill its promise of automating business processes, streamlining supply chains, and accelerating business growth. Outsourcing EDI to the right provider is an important step companies can take to remain competitive in today’s digital era.




What are the 4 major components of EDI?


The four major components of an EDI system are:

  1. EDI software: This includes the EDI translator that converts data between the internal format and the EDI format. It has EDI mapping capabilities and handles EDI transmissions.
  2. Communication network: This is needed to connect trading partners and transmit EDI documents electronically. It can be public or private.
  3. EDI standards: EDI documents are based on standardized formats and syntax to ensure compatibility between trading partners. Common EDI standards are ANSI X12, EDIFACT, TRADACOMS, etc.
  4. Trading partners: These are the customers, suppliers, and other businesses that a company exchanges EDI documents with. They also need EDI solutions capabilities to connect to the company’s EDI system.


What are EDI limitations?


Here are some of the main limitations of EDI:

  • Implementing an EDI system requires investment in EDI software, hardware, expert resources, and coordination with trading partners which leads to high initial costs.
  • Once an EDI standard is adopted, it is difficult and expensive to change. This can limit flexibility to adapt to new standards. This inflexibility is another limitation.
  • EDI documents are in machine-readable format and not human-readable. This limits their use for some business purposes. The lack of human readability is a limitation.
  • Businesses have to deal with multiple EDI standards which adds complexity and cost. The complexity of multiple standards is a limitation.
  • While EDI solutions offer some security benefits, it is still vulnerable to threats like data leakage, spoofing, and denial of service attacks. Limited security is another limitation.


What are the two EDI file types?


  1. Transaction files: These contain information about a specific business transaction or event. Common transaction files in EDI are purchase orders, invoices, shipping notices, payment advice, etc. They follow a defined transaction set standard.
  2. Reference files: These contain master data that is used across multiple transactions. Examples are product catalogs, price lists, and customer data. They use standardized record types defined in EDI standards.


What does EDI decreases?


Here are some of the things that EDI can help decrease:

  • Costs – EDI decreases costs by reducing paperwork, manual data entry, and human errors. It also lowers expenses related to printing, mailing, and storage of documents.
  • Processing time – EDI decreases the time taken to process transactions since data is exchanged electronically without delays due to mail or courier. This speeds up the entire business process.
  • Errors – EDI decreases errors caused by manual data entry, transcription mistakes, and misplaced documents. Data is transferred electronically in a standardized format.
  • Response time EDI solutions decrease the response time for transactions since documents are received electronically almost instantly compared to physical documents. This improves business responsiveness.
  • Complexity – EDI can decrease the complexity of doing business by simplifying and automating routine tasks such as order processing and invoice payment.

In summary, EDI solutions help decrease costs, processing time, errors, response time, and complexity for businesses by electronically exchanging information between computer systems in a standardized format. These reductions contribute to improved efficiency, profitability, and productivity.