How to Build a Scalable Web3 App

Shruti Tiwari 13 Mar 2022

In the world of technology, Web3 is a new area for developers and entrepreneurs to explore; in fact, over
40% of developers firmly believe that web3 is the future. However creating a scalable Web3 application needs careful planning, which covers different parts of the process. 


This blog post will discuss important steps in creating a Web3 app that can manage increasing user needs and keep its performance intact as time goes by.


Understanding the Web3 Ecosystem

Web3, the next iteration of the World Wide Web, uses blockchain technology and other elements like decentralized applications (dApps) and cryptography tokens to change how we interact with online services. To be a Web3 app developer, you need to understand this system’s basic ideas and overall functionalities so your application can match its main principles well.


The core component of Web3 is the blockchain, a digital ledger that is both distributed and decentralized. Let’s learn more about the components of a Web3 App.

The foundation of a Web3 application relies on a specific set of technological building blocks. Here’s a breakdown of the core components that make up a Web3 application:

1. Blockchain Network


  • The Foundation: As aforementioned, every Web3 application is developed on a blockchain platform. Blockchain technology is the basic structure that supports decentralization.
  • Companies that have developed Web2 applications look for these technologies –  Ethereum, Solana, Binance Smart Chain, and similar. Each has unique strengths and considerations that can help companies meet their needs. 

2. Smart Contracts


  • The Programmable Logic: Developing a Web3 Application means it should be smarter and more agile than traditional apps. Thanks to the in-built feature of Blockchain – smart contracts that are also known as self-executing contracts stored within the code.
  • Their job is to automate agreements and processes when predetermined conditions are met. They also eliminate the need for intermediaries to ensure trustless interactions.

3. InterPlanetary File System (IPFS)


  • Decentralized Storage: We know that blockchain technology has the ability to secure and store transaction data but its volatile nature can be a problem when storing large files like images or videos.
  • Here IPFS can help by offering a decentralized storage solution. This solution can distribute data across a peer-to-peer network, which further reduces redundancy and prevents censorship.

4. Crypto Wallets


  • User Access and Interaction: Blockchain supports Crypto wallets that are known as digital vaults. These digital vaults store cryptocurrency and interact with Web3 applications.
  • Companies can select and integrate digital vaults/wallets from these popular options – such as MetaMask, Coinbase Wallet, Phantom, etc to connect with applications and conduct transactions seamlessly.

5. Oracles


  • Bridge to the Real World: By integrating Oracle, companies can bridge data transfer seamlessly.
  • Oracle can fetch real-world data and deliver it securely to smart contracts in the Web3 application, allowing them to react to real-time events.

6. Web3.js or Similar Libraries


  • Development Tools: Web3.js and similar libraries have tools and functionalities that can be used by developers to interact with the blockchain network and transfer data.
  • Additionally, software development companies can write smart contracts, and build the user interface of your Web3 app.

7. Front-End Interface


  • User Experience: UX is an important part of your application, just like in any other application or website.
  • However, the development process remains the same, which is the use of technologies like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, for interaction developers should integrate blockchain components.

Additional Considerations


  • Security Audits: Thorough security audits are crucial for Web3 applications. They not only help in identifying malicious activities but also address potential vulnerabilities in smart contracts, protecting users’ funds and data.
  • Community Building: Web3 applications often thrive in engaging communities. A strong, reliable, and dedicated community can help users and companies in adopting this new technology effortlessly ensuring long-term success.

By understanding and integrating these core components, developers can create innovative and secure Web3 applications that leverage the power of decentralization and unlock the potential of the Web3 revolution.


Selecting a Reliable Web Hosting Solution

A fast web hosting solution is crucial for the scalability of any Web3 app. This type of application needs a hosting setup that can handle its special demands, including handling more visitors, supporting storage solutions without centralization, and linking smoothly to blockchain networks.


When choosing a web hosting provider for your Web3 app, consider options that have strong infrastructure and deliver fast web hosting solutions. This might involve managed hosting services that can adjust resource levels automatically as per changing needs or decentralized hosting solutions using the strength of a distributed network.


Furthermore, make certain that the web hosting solution you pick can work well with the decentralized technologies you aim to incorporate into your application. This way, you create the starting point of an infrastructure that is both scalable and strong enough to handle more users as they come in.


Designing for Scalability

Scalability is very important for a Web3 app to do well. Your application should be made with the ability to manage bigger user needs, larger amounts of data, and blockchain incorporation challenges. You might need to use modular architectures, take advantage of serverless technologies, and include effective methods for managing data.


One important thing in designing for scalability is using a modular style for your application’s structure. This means you break your app into smaller parts that are separate from each other, allowing them to be scaled and refreshed individually. Doing this doesn’t just improve the overall scalability of your application but also makes it easier to maintain and incorporate new characteristics.


Also, think about using serverless technologies like cloud functions or edge computing to manage the processing and scaling of your Web3 app’s workloads. Serverless architectures can automatically increase resources according to need, lessening the task of managing infrastructure manually and guaranteeing that your application can handle more traffic and data without problems.


If you create your Web3 app with scalability in focus, it means you are preparing for future growth and making sure your application can handle increasing user needs.


Benefits of Building a Web3 Application: A Dive into the Decentralized Future

The rise of Web3 is a new iteration of the internet built on blockchain technology. This technology opens exciting possibilities for application development. Here’s a breakdown of the key benefits of developing a scalable Web3 application can offer:


1. Enhanced Security and Transparency


  • Decentralization: Web3 applications run on distributed ledgers (blockchains), they not only eliminate a single point of failure but also reduce the risk of hacks or data breaches.
  • Immutability: It is known that the data stored within the blockchain is tamper-proof. This robust data security ensures the integrity of data transferred while building trust within the application.
  • Transparency: Transactions and data ownership are transparent on the blockchain, which provides clear audit trails and develops trust between users and the application.

2. User Empowerment and Control


  • Data Ownership: In Web3 applications, it is the data that is owned by the users and not the platform where they run their apps. Users and companies will always have complete control of their data, selecting when and where to share them.
  • Direct Interactions: Web3 applications facilitate peer-to-peer interactions, eliminating the need for intermediaries. This not only reduces the transaction fees but also builds trust and confidence in transactions.
  • Community Governance: The tokenization component of the blockchain technology, which is also known as the tokenized voting mechanism, enables the users to participate in any decision-making processes of the app.

3. Increased Efficiency and Automation


  • Smart Contracts: When you develop a Web3 application you get an in-built self-executing contract that automates tasks and agreements. This not only reduces manual work but also eradicates potential human error.
  • Reduced Costs: The web3 application has the potential to lower operational costs by removing intermediaries so that companies can streamline their processes.
  • Faster Transactions: Blockchain technology is fast thus it facilitates agility that helps in more secure and faster transactions compared to traditional methods.

4. Innovation and New Business Models


  • Tokenization: Real-world assets or functionalities within the blockchain-powered application are represented as tokens. Tokenization is a new and improved method for innovative ownership models and fundraising opportunities.
  • Open Collaboration: The open nature of Web3 fosters innovation and growth as aforementioned. It is said so because it allows quick and easy collaboration and integration with other decentralized applications.
  • Global Reach: The popularity of the Web3 application is because of its open-source. That means, with this application companies can reach a global user base.

Building a Web3 application isn’t without its challenges, but the potential benefits are significant. By leveraging the power of decentralization, security, and user empowerment, Web3 applications can revolutionize the way we interact with the digital world. 

Let’s dive into a few potential challenges that you can face with the Web3 application. Also, let’s see a few alternatives that can help you overcome the challenges.


Potential Challenges and Drawbacks

Here’s a breakdown of the cons and some alternative approaches or solutions:


1. Complexity and Learning Curve


  • Challenge: Web3 application development requires technical knowledge of the new technology compared to traditional web development. Developers should know how to use blockchain technology, smart contract coding languages (like Solidity), and ways to interact with decentralized networks. Those unfamiliar with the domain can fall into a steep learning curve.
  • Alternatives
    • Pre-built tools and frameworks: Developers, you need not worry as several frameworks like Truffle and Hardhat offer pre-built templates and functionalities to streamline the development process of the Web3 app. Moreover, these tools can simplify common tasks and reduce the stress of boilerplate code.
    • Developer communities: Another best solution is connecting with online forums and communities. These online communities and forums cater to Web3 developers consisting of valuable & informative resources, tutorials, and support networks to help them learn and collaborate.
  • Solutions
    • Invest in developer education: Companies building Web3 applications should invest in training programs for their in-house developers. These workshops can equip their development teams with the necessary skills.
    • Hire experienced developers: If you are unwilling to invest in training programs, you can hire experienced developers. These developers know how to work with Blockchain technology and can accelerate the development process while mitigating the potential risks that come along.

2. Scalability Challenges


  • Challenge: Just like the traditional method of the development process, popular blockchains, like Ethereum also follow and rely on Proof-of-Work (PoW) consensus mechanisms. PoW is usually slow and expensive especially when a large number of users try to interact with the network simultaneously. The extensive traffic in the network leads to high transaction fees and slow processing times impacting the user experience.
  • Alternatives
    • Scalable blockchains: Newer blockchains like Solana and Avalanche have integrated alternative consensus mechanisms like Proof-of-Stake (PoS). These POS are designed in a way to handle a higher volume of transactions more efficiently so it does not hinder the user experience.
    • Layer-2 scaling solutions: Layer-2 is an additional protocol that is built on top of existing blockchains. This scaling solution processes transactions off-chain before settling them on the main blockchain. By doing so the load on the main chain can be reduced while improving the scalability.
  • Solutions
    • Choose the right blockchain: Instead of approaching alternatives, companies must consider the scalability limitations of different blockchains. Considering scalability limitations can help in choosing the solution that best aligns with the anticipated user base and transaction volume of the Web3 application.
    • Implement layer-2 solutions: Companies can integrate layer-2 scaling solutions from day – 1. This will not just improve the transaction fees but also reduce a certain amount of costs for their users.

3. Security Risks


  • Challenge: We have already learned that smart contracts are permanent codes stored on the blockchain. If any error or vulnerability persists within the code, it can be exploited, leading to hacks and financial losses.
  • Alternatives: To keep it straight, there are no true alternatives to secure smart contracts, but there are ways to mitigate risks.
  • Solutions
    • Security audits: To mitigate risk it is important to regularly conduct thorough security audits before deploying your smart contracts. These audits help identify and address potential vulnerabilities in the code.
    • Formal verification methods: Another method to avoid risks is by employing formal verification techniques like mathematical proofs. These techniques ensure that the smart contract behaves as intended and doesn’t contain hidden bugs.
    • Use secure libraries: Smart secure libraries are pre-tested and audited libraries. By utilizing well-established and secure smart contract libraries companies can save the time invested in auditing and testing smart contracts.

4. User Interface and Experience


  • Challenge: Interacting with some Web3 applications can be complex and less intuitive compared to traditional web applications. There are certain features that users are new to like – crypto wallets and gas fees, which can be a challenge.
  • Alternatives: There are no true alternatives, but improving the user experience is crucial for wider adoption.
  • Solutions
    • User-friendly interface design: Prioritize designing clear and intuitive interface principles. Provide the users with easy and step-by-step instructions as well as tooltips to guide them through interactions.
    • Familiar functionalities: For seamless access to features, companies must Integrate familiar web functionalities like user accounts and shopping carts. These features will make the experience smoother for users who are accustomed to traditional web applications.
    • Onboarding and education: Companies must also provide clear onboarding tutorials and educational resources. These resources help users understand how to use your Web3 application effectively.

5. Environmental Impact


  • Challenge: Proof-of-work (PoW) consensus mechanisms used by some blockchains require significant computing power, leading to high energy consumption. This raises environmental concerns about the carbon footprint of Web3 technologies.
  • Alternatives
    • Blockchains with eco-friendly mechanisms: There are many blockchain technologies that utilize alternative consensus mechanisms like Proof-of-Stake (PoS). POS significantly consumes less energy compared to PoW.
  • Solutions
    • Choose eco-friendly blockchains: Try to build a Web 3 application using blockchain technology that focuses on sustainability and energy efficiency.
    • Advocate for sustainable solutions: Companies must advocate and integrate sustainable development.

By acknowledging these challenges and actively working towards solutions, developers can build secure, scalable, and user-friendly Web3 applications that contribute to a more robust and environmentally conscious digital future.


Embracing Decentralized Technologies

Web3 apps are built around the idea of incorporating decentralized technologies; these involve blockchain, decentralized storage, and decentralized identity management. Get to know the tools, frameworks, and protocols that help in smoothly adding these parts into your application for a strong and safe user experience.

A Web3 app needs to have blockchain integration, which is very important because it delivers a decentralized structure for recording and checking transactions. Additionally, it allows the execution of smart contracts. If you follow this method, your app will match the central ideas of the decentralized internet and provide an interesting user experience.


The Final Word

To make a Web3 app that can grow with demand, you need to consider many aspects such as understanding the decentralized environment, making smart architectural choices, and focusing on ongoing optimization. By following the above mentioned steps, you can start building the base for your own Web3 application, which has the potential to adjust and succeed despite increasing user needs or changes in technology.


Don’t forget that your success in the Web3 area depends on how well you accept decentralization concepts, scalability focus, and ongoing development of your application to match the evolving user requirements. When commencing the journey of creating a Web3 app, always stay curious, careful, and committed to building an innovative product that keeps pace with the shifting changes in technology, user behavior, and client demands.