Jun 18, 2021 Admin

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Explore All The Factors Involved In Tech-stack- What Is It All About?

Software application development is a layer-wise development process. A process that involves different programming codes, modules, components as different layers which add values to the overall infrastructure and brings out a utilizable solution.

In other simple words, a combination of different useful technologies is termed as a technology stack, which is chosen to develop a useful product i.e. an application or web development solutions.

On reaching to some details, we would realize that the ‘technology stack’ is also termed as ‘technology infrastructure’ or ‘solutions stack’, which involves three main entities in overall-

  • Frontend, 
  • Backend, and
  • Database.

With this article from here on, we would be exploring the factors involved in choosing the Tech-stack with the utmost possible explanation, and also the basics for those of our readers with the least technical knowledge, so that they can also take away from this article without much technical background.

Factors Involved In Tech-Stack

An application would always have a target audience to meet and fulfill its demand. So does every technical solution have at least one objective behind its development. 

The objectives and the specific audience, both define how and what the foundation should be like?

To say, if an e-learning application is to be developed with both students as well as corporate employees as its target audience, it has to be developed in such a scale as well as a platform that is already globally accepted and wide enough to touch almost every diaspora across the world. 

And then, here rises another dilemma. As there are different platforms available already that are globally well-spread and have the potential to reach almost every diaspora across the globe, like Android and iOS.

Platform: A Backend Factor

The platform is an integral part of backend development, and the dilemma of choosing between Android and iOS invites the solution of hybrid development.

We can learn one thing here, that we will be revolving around the three main entities only i.e. backend, frontend, and the database meanwhile the entire discussion on tech-stack.

Now, there are various languages that are known to work for hybrid app development like ReactJS, Python, JavaScript, Swift, etc. The choice can be made upon the functional requirement and on the basis of their characteristics required. 

Read more: Why to Switch into Hybrid Applications?

Conclusively, the platform is the first factor that makes us decide which technology or tech-stack to choose for development out of the overall available stacks in the technology world, so as to get the best utilizable solution within the available resources.

The second factor is scalability, which typically controls the choice and decision of tech-stack for the development purpose.               

Scalability & Performance required

The number of users/recipients would be crucial in deciding the tech stack for developers. As far as Elearning applications are concerned, the number of users is unpredictable. That unpredictability gives birth to another dilemma, whether to keep it large-scale or mid or small.

Performance would vary with the scale of development as a small-scale solution would just require a CMS to execute a final product. But that product would not be as dynamic as the large-scale solution. A large-scale solution is developed from scratch using specific programming languages, giving it that dynamism to customize every part of the application whenever required.

However, the structure developed with the help of CMSs isn't that easy to customize post-execution.

The point to learn here is, scalability and performance required from the solution are decisive factors in choosing the right tech stack.

Team Expertise, Maintenance & Cost: The Crucial Ones

Let us say the enterprise software development company has enough experts to develop the solution but the client has demanded something else than our team possesses.

There is no meaning in weighing such a burden that we can’t manage. This means, having development experts with some skills isn’t enough. As the client might demand something that we don’t possess. It is always better to outsource such projects and not to overburden our team if there is no specific skill expert in the team with a specific skill set.

Similarly, the team must have enough manpower to maintain the developed projects once they are developed. That’s crucial for choosing the right tech stack as if the team could not manage let’s say custom edi solutions, it would be a headache for the company itself and the client both later on.

Overall, we can conclude that choosing tech-stack is not just about the best technology to use, but it is also about what best we can practically do without letting our work and business be hindered.

Let us now explore the very fundamentals of a tech stack and what is inside them? 

The Basics: Structure of Tech-stack: Client & Server: Frontend & Backend

Any software solution basically is a structure that involves two sides i.e client and server.

The client-side simply means the frontend which allows the user to interact with the system solution. It includes the interface, everything that could be witnessed through the eyes on the screen and can be operated by performing specific actions like scrolling the screen up and down, clicking the visible LOGIN button on the screen, etc.

Developers use HTML, JAVASCRIPT, CSS to construct the front-end things.

Similarly, there is another side that is ‘server’ which can be termed as half of the brain to the software solution. The other half would be the database, but we’ll discuss it further.

The server side of the structure has all the programming done because of which the software understands and executes a command entered by the user in the desired manner.

Python, Swift, Ruby are some of the prevalent examples for recently trending programming languages.

Know more: Why to choose Swift for mobile applications development?

However, the use of tech-stacks varies according to the different front-end development. For example, if the application is to be focused only on mobile devices, it would rather be constructed with a hybrid development method.

Similarly, if the same has to be a web-based solution, HTML, CSS, JavaScript would be the key players in it.

Different Types of Popular Tech-Stacks

However, there are two wings of development including mobile application and web-based software development. Including both of them, here is the list mentioning some of the popular technology stacks that are commonly used by the successful developers and renowned professional IT service providers-

1.      LAMP

LAMP is considered as one of the most simple, powerful, and stable stack that runs in almost all the operating systems. The components can be modified within the stack and that is why it is the most preferred technology stack for developing custom web applications.

2.      MEAN

A technology stack with all the three essential entities embedded in it. A dedicated Javascript software stack that allows developing the solution in the same language for both client and server side simultaneously.

Contrary to what is said in the beginning, MEAN stack doesn’t have one layer i.e. operating system in its structure.

Advantages of MEAN

  • Open-source, flexible and cost-effective.
  • Renowned for real-time web applications development
  • Time-efficient 

Disadvantages of MEAN

  • Security issues were often raised

3.      MERN

MERN basically stands for MongoDB, Express.js, React.js, NodeJS, that are its main components. However, MEAN and MERN are typically the same but just different as ReactJS is replaced with AngularJS. 

It is the second most popular web-based technology stack recognized for its flexibility and performance-oriented approach.

Advantages of MERN 

  • Rendering speed and overall performance.
  • Easy switch between client and server side.

Disadvantages of MERN

  • Slightly less preferred for large scale development.
  • Less productive in comparison to other available options.

Before beginning with any technology or choosing a tech stack, we must consider a few things-

  1. The experts in your arsenal would be decision-makers as they themselves know whether they could handle or not with a particular technology stack. Many organizations outsource professional IT services however some prefer hiring new talents and get it done.
  2. What specifications are you looking for, and how much time you have to deliver the product could help to decide whether you need a CMS or can build the desired solution from the scratch?
  3. The budget would always play a vital role in deciding the technology stack, as there would be many options available for the same solution to develop but technologies may vary on budgetary considerations.

There is one more, called Full stack development that covers front-end as well as back-end work altogether. Mean stack on the same end is just a part of full stack and we should know the difference between Mean stack and Full stack development before opting for either.

Conclusively, the above data would be enough to be aware about the basics and prerequisites for choosing a specific tech stack. And if not even that much, it is quite enough to induce an idea about what measures we should take and pre-analyse about before hiring a tech resource from the market.

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